Artificial Intelligence

The Obtain: exascale computing, and AI takes on geometry

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That is at present’s version of The Obtain, our weekday publication that gives a each day dose of what’s occurring on the planet of know-how.

Exascale computer systems: 10 Breakthrough Applied sciences 2024

In Could 2022, the worldwide supercomputer rankings have been shaken up by the launch of Frontier. It’s the quickest supercomputer on the planet, and might carry out as many calculations in a single second as 100,000 laptops.

With its launch, the period of exascale computing formally started. A number of extra such exascale computer systems will quickly be a part of its ranks, from the US, Europe, and reportedly additionally China. Scientists and engineers are keen to make use of these turbocharged computer systems to advance a spread of fields. And the progress received’t cease right here. Learn the total story.

—Sophia Chen

Exascale computer systems is one in all MIT Know-how Assessment’s 10 Breakthrough Applied sciences for 2024. Try the remainder of the checklist and vote for the ultimate eleventh breakthrough—we’ll reveal the winner in April.

+ What’s subsequent for the world’s quickest supercomputers. Scientists have begun operating experiments on the world’s first official exascale machine, whereas amenities worldwide construct different machines to hitch the ranks. Learn the total story.

Google DeepMind’s new AI system can resolve complicated geometry issues

The information: Google DeepMind has created an AI system that may resolve complicated geometry issues. This system combines a language mannequin with a sort of AI known as a symbolic engine, which makes use of symbols and logical guidelines to make deductions. These two approaches work collectively to resolve troublesome mathematical issues.

Why it issues: Arithmetic serves as an vital benchmark to gauge progress in AI intelligence. This new program is a major step in direction of machines with extra human-like reasoning expertise. Learn the total story.

—June Kim

How sizzling salt might remodel nuclear energy

For greater than a month in complete, 12 metric tons of molten salt coursed by pipes at Kairos Energy in Albuquerque, New Mexico.

The corporate is growing a brand new kind of nuclear reactor that can be cooled utilizing this salt combination, and its first large-scale take a look at cooling system simply accomplished 1,000 hours of operation in early January. That is the second main milestone for Kairos in latest weeks. In December, the US Nuclear Regulatory Fee granted a development allow for the corporate’s first nuclear take a look at reactor.

Nuclear energy vegetation can present a gentle supply of carbon-free power, however tasks to construct them have been affected by delays and skyrocketing budgets. Kairos hopes to alter nuclear powers’ fortunes with a brand new model of the know-how that might minimize prices and development occasions. Learn the total story.

—Casey Crownhart

To learn extra concerning the subsequent technology of nuclear reactors, try the newest version of The Spark, our weekly local weather and power publication. Enroll to obtain it in your inbox each Wednesday.

A brand new AI-based threat prediction system might assist catch lethal pancreatic most cancers circumstances earlier

What’s occurred: A brand new AI system might assist detect the most typical type of pancreatic most cancers, new analysis has discovered. The system outperformed present diagnostic requirements and might be utilized in a scientific setting to determine sufferers who would profit from early screening or testing, serving to catch the illness earlier and save lives.

How they did it: The researchers fed two AI fashions anonymized knowledge from 6 million digital well being information, 35,387 of which have been pancreatic most cancers circumstances, from 55 health-care organizations within the US. The neural community recognized 35% of sufferers who had the illness as excessive threat 6 to 18 months earlier than they have been recognized, in comparison with present screening tips of 10%. Learn the total story.

—Rhiannon Williams

The must-reads

I’ve combed the web to seek out you at present’s most enjoyable/vital/scary/fascinating tales about know-how.

1 Garbled AI-generated textual content is taking on the online Notably mistranslations of languages spoken in Africa and the World South. (Motherboard)
+ We’re hurtling towards a glitchy, spammy, scammy, AI-powered web. (MIT Know-how Assessment)

2 A venture to construct a chip manufacturing unit in Arizona has run into issue
TSMC mentioned it’s more likely to miss but extra deadlines to get it up-and-running. (WSJ $)+ China might be staring down the barrel of extra restrictions. (CNBC)
+ The $100 billion wager {that a} postindustrial US metropolis can reinvent itself as a high-tech hub. (MIT Know-how Assessment)

3 It appears like China might attain the moon earlier than the US 
The nation’s fast progress has US politicians rattled. (WP $)
+ In the meantime, Astrobotic’s failed lunar lander is because of expend tomorrow. (TechCrunch)

4 Sheryl Sandberg is leaving Meta’s board
After 12 years advising the corporate. (BBC)
+ Her departure comes as Meta absolutely focuses its attentions on AI. (WP $)

5 Samsung’s new telephones are full of AI options
It’s attempting to safe an early lead as the primary smartphone agency to totally embrace AI. (Bloomberg $)+ The telephones can translate calls in actual time and velocity up search. (WSJ $)
+ The smartphone market isn’t wanting too sizzling lately. (FT $)

6 Google remains to be retaining abortion clinic location knowledge
A yr and a half after promising to delete it. (The Guardian)
+ Google has been compelled to make it clearer that it tracks Incognito Mode customers. (Wired $)

7 What comes after Ozempic?
Sufferers taking the drug will see a slow-down of their weight reduction. New medication might permit them to maintain shedding the kilos. (The Atlantic $)
+ However the long-term well being impacts of those medication are nonetheless unknown. (MIT Know-how Assessment)

8 Spotify doesn’t care about area of interest artists
Its plans to cull tracks beneath a sure listening threshold confirms it. (FT $)

9 The JWST is popping the whole lot we all know concerning the universe on its head
Astronomers’ predictions aren’t matching their observations. (Vox)
+ How the James Webb Area Telescope broke the universe. (MIT Know-how Assessment)

10 Right here’s the way to use your units much less
However nonetheless get the whole lot executed. (NYT $)
+ Learn how to sign off. (MIT Know-how Assessment)

Quote of the day

“Scholar ought to look ‘studenty’ and have a healthy-looking BMI.”

—A doc from meals supply robotic firm Starship obtained by 404 Media instructs a public college to advertise its service on campus with images and movies that includes a really particular type of scholar.

The massive story

The way forward for open supply remains to be very a lot in flux

August 2023 

When Xerox donated a brand new laser printer to MIT in 1980, the corporate couldn’t have recognized that the machine would ignite a revolution.

Whereas the early many years of software program improvement usually ran on a tradition of open entry, this new printer ran on inaccessible proprietary software program, a lot to the horror of Richard M. Stallman, then a 27-year-old programmer on the college.

A number of years later, Stallman launched GNU, an working system designed to be a free various to one of many dominant working programs on the time: Unix. The free-software motion was born, with a easy premise: for the great of the world, all code ought to be open.

Forty years later, tech corporations are making billions on proprietary software program, and far of the know-how round us is inscrutable. However whereas Stallman’s motion might appear like a failed experiment, the free and open-source software program motion is just not solely alive and nicely; it has change into a keystone of the tech trade. Learn the total story.

—Rebecca Ackermann

We are able to nonetheless have good issues

A spot for consolation, enjoyable and distraction in these bizarre occasions. (Obtained any concepts? Drop me a line or tweet ’em at me.)

+ Being cringe is cool—I promise.
+ Mob spouse stylish is the newest magnificence pattern gripping the web, and we’ve The Sopranos to thank.
+ Get pleasure from some comforting pasta recipes to brighten up these chilly months.
+ William Shatner is one man who actually lives life to its fullest.
+ It’s time to get excited: The White Lotus is heading again to our display screen quickly, however not quickly sufficient.

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