Toyota has unveiled a prototype Hiace powered by a hydrogen-fuelled inner combustion engine, which is able to bear a buyer pilot programme beginning in Australia. That is one other initiative within the Japanese carmaker’s multi-pathway strategy to decarbonisation that has additionally seen the corporate spend money on carbon-neutral fuels in addition to hybrid electrical (HEVs), plug-in hybrid electrical (PHEVs), battery electrical (BEVs) and gasoline cell electrical automobiles (FCEVs).
The thought of combusting hydrogen isn’t new to Toyota, because it has demonstrated the know-how in a Corolla Sport initially earlier than going racing with a specially-prepared GR Corolla. There was additionally the Corolla Cross Hydrogen Idea that makes use of the recent hatch’s powertrain, which made an look at this 12 months’s Gaikindo Indonesia Worldwide Auto Present (GIIAS).
For the Hiace prototype, the corporate used a modified model of the three.5 litre turbocharged V6 discovered within the Land Cruiser 300 and Lexus LX. In accordance with Toyota, the hydrogen-fuelled mill serves up 163 PS (161 hp or 120 kW) and 354 Nm of torque, which is considerably lower than the petrol model that’s rated at 415 PS (409 hp or 305 kW) and 650 Nm.
The modified V6 sends drive to the rear wheels by way of a ten-speed computerized transmission and runs on compressed hydrogen fuel, which is routed by way of a singular direct-injection system. Toyota admits that whereas the hydrogen powertrain leads to nearly zero CO2 tailpipe emissions, the method of igniting hydrogen within the engine does generate small quantities of nitrogen oxides (NOx), which have been diminished through the use of a selective catalytic discount system to fulfill Euro 6 emission requirements.
It provides that the prototype Hiace makes use of three hydrogen tanks which might be just like these discovered within the second-generation Mirai, and it’ll proceed working to optimise the powertrain by enhancing the hydrogen storage, bettering combustion in addition to exploring the potential for including hybrid know-how.
As for why Toyota went with the Hiace because the car to pilot the brand new know-how, it defined that from a packaging perspective, the business van presents the chance to put in the engine up entrance and the hydrogen gasoline tanks underneath the ground. This ensures minimal influence on the van’s inner area and payload.
The pilot programme is aimed toward accelerating the event of the brand new powertrain and can see a wide range of potential clients utilizing the car for both commuter or delivery-type operations. The primary will probably be CPB Contractors, which is able to use the Commuter model of the HiAce to move employees from numerous factors throughout a serious infrastructure venture in Melbourne.
“This know-how presents the potential for Toyota to supply automobiles that meet the sensible necessities of economic clients whereas dramatically lowering CO2 tailpipe emissions. Toyota Australia is firmly dedicated to taking part in a number one function within the improvement of Australia’s hydrogen financial system,” stated Toyota Australia president and CEO Matthew Callachor.
“Australia is the right place to run such a program with our federal and state governments having already dedicated AUD6.3 billion in funding for hydrogen initiatives underneath the Nationwide Hydrogen Technique. We even have an in depth number of environments and weather conditions that can allow us to guage the hydrogen powertrain know-how to its fullest and guarantee it delivers on Toyota’s excessive requirements,” he added.
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